Mesopotamia time line
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3500B.C. Cities growing across Mesopotamia
3400B.C.
3300B.C.
3200B.C. Pictographic record keeping
3100B.C.
3000B.C. Signs used to write Sumerian
2900B.C.
2800B.C. Legendary rulers like Gilgamesh
2700B.C.
2600B.C. Royal Tombs of Ur
2500B.C.
2400B.C. Signs become cuneiform
2300B.C. Sumerian cities united by
King Sargon of Agade (Akkad) 
2200B.C. Agade Empire expands and declines
2100B.C. Ur becomes the capital of a new empire
2000B.C. Ur destroyed by Elamites
and Amorites 
1900B.C. Akkadian becomes the main spoken
and written language  
1800B.C. Hammurabi unites much of Mesopotamia
1700B.C.
1600B.C. Hittites raid Babylon
1500B.C. Mitannian Empire controls north Mesopotamia
 Kassites control south Mesopotamia
1400B.C.
1300B.C. Assyrians conquer
much of Mesopotamia  
1200B.C.
1100B.C. Aramaean and
 Chaldaean  tribes
become important  
1000B.C. Assyrians begin reconquest of Mesopotamia
900B.C. King Ashurnasirpal II has Nimrud built
800B.C.
700B.C. King Sennacherib has Nineveh built
 Egypt conquered by Assyria
600B.C. Assyria destroyed by Chaldeans
Babylon rebuilt by Nebuchadnezzar II 
500B.C. Mesopotamia becomes part of the
Achaemenid  Persian empire
400B.C. Alexander the Great defeats the Persians
300B.C. Seleucid empire established
200B.C. Parthian empire established
100B.C.
0A.D. Last dateable cuneiform tablet (A.D. 75)
100A.D.
200A.D. Sasanian empire established
300A.D.
400A.D.
500A.D.
600A.D. Islamic conquest
700A.D. Abbasid dynasty
established at Baghdad 
800A.D.
900A.D.
1000A.D.
1100A.D.
1200A.D. Baghdad destroyed by Mongols
1300A.D.
1400A.D.
1500A.D. Ottoman empire established
1600A.D.
1700A.D.
1800A.D. First excavations in Mesopotamia
1900A.D. Countries of Iraq
and Syria founded
2000A.D.