Claudius James Rich was an Englishman who loved learning foreign languages. As a young man of 21, he took a job with the East India Company and became the 'British Resident' in Baghdad.
Claudius James Rich
Rich was fascinated by the ancient ruins he saw and during his free time he explored and recorded many of them. For example, he made a map of the ruins of Babylon in 1813.
Rich's map of the ruins of Babylon
Although Rich did not excavate the site, he worked out where the main features, like the roads and the important buildings, were located.